Brief History of UPSC

BY Rahul Deveshwar | 13th Jun 2017
   

Civil Servants for the East India Company used to be selected by the Directors of the Company and from that point prepared at Haileybury College in London and after that sent to India.

The Report prescribed that support based arrangement of East India Company ought to be supplanted by a permanent  Civil Service in view of a legitimacy based framework with passage through  examinations. Therefore Modern Civil Service in India was presented in 1854 with setup of Civil Service Commission in London and competition examinations were begun in 1855.



Initally the Age permissible age limit was minimum 18 and maximum 23, The syllabus was outlined with the end goal that European Classics had a maximum offer of marks which made Indian Students little hard to cope up.

With all things considered, in 1864, the first Indian, Shri Satyendranath Tagore sibling of Shri Rabindaranath Tagore succeeded and 3 years later 4 other Indians succeeded. It was simply after the First World War and the Montagu Chelmsford changes this was consented to. From 1922 onwards the Indian Civil Service Examination started to be held in India likewise, first in Allahabad and later in Delhi with the setting up of the Federal Public Service Commission.

Indian (Imperial) Police was than selected by the Secretary of State by competitive examination. The first open examination for the Top Cops was held in England in June, 1893, and 10 top competitors were designated as Probationary Assistant Superintendents of Police. Passage of Indians into Imperial Police was tossed open after 1920 and the than later  year competitive examinations for the Indian Police were led both in England and India.

Indianisation of the police forces kept on being moderate in spite of pronouncement and proposals of the Islington Commission and the Lee Commission. Till 1931, Indians were designated against 20% of the aggregate posts of Superintendents of Police. Be that as it may, as a result of non accessibility of the reasonable European Officers, more Indians were delegated to the Indian Police from the year 1939 onwards.

English India Government began the Imperial Forest Department in 1864 and to arrange the undertakings of the Imperial Forest Department, Imperial Forest Service was constituted in 1867. From 1867 to 1885, the officers selected to Imperial Forest Service were prepared in France and Germany. Till 1905, they were prepared at Coopers Hill, London. In 1920, it was chosen that further enlistment to the Imperial Forest Service would be made by direct enrollment in England and India and by advancement from the commonplace administration in India. After freedom, the Indian Forest Service was made in 1966 under All India Service Act 1951.

With the initiation of the Constitution of India in January 26, 1950, the Federal Public Service Commission came to be known as the Union Public Service Commission, and the Chairman and Members of the Federal Public Service Commission progressed toward becoming Chairman and Members of the Union Public Service Commission by uprightness of Clause (1) of Article 378 of the Constitution.


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